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Peter and St. Paul Fortress

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Peter and St. Paul Fortress - is a museum complex, located at Zayachiy (Hare) Island in front of Troitskiy  bridge.

The Fortress contains a lot of sights and exhibitions,

  • Peter and St. Paul Cathedral
  • Peter and Neva  gates of Peter and St. Paul fortress
  • Trubetskoy bastion prison — a museum inside Peter and St. Paul fortress
  •  The museum of space exploration and rocket technology in a name . V. P. Glushko (located in Ioannovsky (John`s) Ravelin)
  •  Peter and St. Paul fortress histoty museum
  •  Saint-Petersburg history museum
  •  Gosudarev (Tsar) Bastion. The Neva panorama (walking tour over the Bastion).

 

How to get there:

From “Gorkovskaya” metro station – across Alexandrovsky Park in the direction of Troitsky (Trinity) Bridge; bus No. 46

From “Sportivnaya” metro station – along Dobrolyubova Prospekt in the direction of Kronverksky Prospekt or by tram No. 6 or 40

 

 Opening hours: 

Place Working hours Days
Information desk and ticket office at Ioannovsky ravelin

10.00-18.00

daily, except for Tuesday andWednesday 
Ticket offices close an hour earlier

10.00-17.00

Tuesday (the museum is closed onWednesdays)
Ticket offices close an hour earlier

Information desk and ticket office at Boat House

10.00-17.30

daily except for Tuesday andWednesday

10.00-16.30

Tuesday (the museum is closed onWednesdays)

SS Peter and Paul Cathedral

10.00-18.00

Monday, Thursday, Friday

10.00-17.00

Tuesday

11.00-18.00

Sundays and days of services

10.00-17.45

Saturdays and days of services

Trubetskoy Bastion Prison

10.00-18.00

daily, except for Tuesday andWednesday
Ticket office of the prison closes half an hour earlier

10.00-17.00

Tuesday (the museum is closed onWednesdays)
Ticket office of the prison closes half an hour earlier

Expositions: 
History of St Petersburg — Petrograd. 1703-1918, History of Peter and Paul Fortress,Museum of Space Exploration and Rocket Technology, «Street of Time».
Exhibition halls: 
Neva curtain wall, Ioannovsky ravelin, postern and casemate of Gosudarev bastion

11.00-18.00

daily except for Tuesday andWednesday

11.00-17.00

Tuesday (the museum is closed onWednesdays)

The printing workshop Pechatnya

10.30-19.00

1-30 October 2011 and 1 March — 30 April 2012
(без выходных)

10.30-18.00

1 November 2011 — 28 February 2012
(daily)

Neva Panorama walking tour

10.00-21.00

daily

Visit to the belfry of the SS Peter and Paul Cathedral

Visits:
11:30, 13:00
14:30, 16:00

1 May -  15 September
daily except for Wednesday the museum is closed on Wednesdays

Works 1 May-30 September.
Booked visits 1 October-30 April.
Tel.:(812) 498-07-20

Site:  http://www.spbmuseum.ru/en/themuseum/museum_complex/peterpaul_fortress/

Information +7(812)230-64-31

 

 Ticket cost: 

Type of ticket

Adult

Student

Combined ticket (valid for 2 days):
Admission to 4 expositions: SS Peter and Paul Cathedral,Trubetskoy Bastion Prison, History of St Petersburg — Petrograd. 1703—1918,History of Peter and Paul Fortress

270

140

Ticket for 2 expositions:
SS Peter and Paul Cathedral and Trubetskoy Bastion Prison

220

130

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More information about ticket cost:

http://www.spbmuseum.ru/en/themuseum/visitors/cost.php

 History of  The Peter and Paul Fortress

The Peter and Paul Fortress was established in May 1703, the third year of the Great Northern War with Sweden, which would last until 1721. Having reduced Swedish positions along the Neva River from Lake Ladoga, Peter I needed a fortified point in the Neva estuary to protect Russia’s position on the Gulf of Finland. Some twenty thousand men were conscripted to surround the island with earthen walls and bastions, and by November the fortress of Sankt Piter Burkh — «Saint Peter’s Burg» — was essentially completed.

 

 

It was named in honor of the Russian Orthodox feast day of Saints Peter and Paul (June 29).
Peter intended the fortress at the center of his city to serve not only a military function, but also as a symbol of his union of state and religious institutions within a new political order in Russia.

 

To implement this reformation in the architecture of Saint Petersburg and its fortress, Dominico Trezzini, the most productive of the Petrine architects, capably served Peter. After the completion of the earthen fortress, Peter ordered a phased rebuilding with masonry walls. In May 1706, the tsar assisted with laying the foundation stone of the Menshikov Bastion, and for the rest of Trezzini’s life (until 1734) the design and building of the Peter-Paul fortress, with its six bastions, would remain one of his primary duties. The major sections of the fortress, including the six bastions — were named either for a leading participant in Peter’s reign, such as Alexander Menshikov, or for a member of the imperial house, not excluding Peter himself.


Within the fortress the dominant feature is the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, designed by Trezzini in a radical departure from traditional Russian church architecture. Trezzini created an elongated structure, whose baroque dome on the eastern end is subordinate to the tower and spire over the west entrance. The tower was the focus of Peter’s interest and had priority over the rest of the structure, which was not completed until 1732. By 1723, the spire, gilded and surmounted with an angel holding a cross, reached a height of 367 feet (112 meters), which exceeded the bell tower of Ivan the Great by 105 feet (32 meters).
On the interior, the large windows that mark the length of the building provide ample illumination for the banners and other imperial regalia. It is not clear whether this great hall was originally intended to serve as a burial place for the Romanov tsars; but with the death of Peter the Great, this function was assumed from the Archangel Cathedral in the Kremlin. The centerpiece of the interior is the gilded icon screen, designed by Ivan Zarudnyi and resembling the triumphal arches erected to celebrate Peter’s victories. The frame was carved between 1722 and 1726 by craftsmen in Moscow and assembled in the cathedral in 1727. Some of the cathedral’s ornamentation was lost after a lightning strike and fire in 1756, although prompt response by the garrison preserved the icon screen and much of the interior work.
The eighteenth century witnessed the construction of many other administrative and garrison buildings within the fortress, including an enclosed pavilion for Peter’s small boat and the state Mint. At the turn of the nineteenth century the fortress became the main political prison of Russia. Famous cultural and political figures detained there include Alexander Radishchev, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Nikolai Chernyshevsky. In 1917, the garrison sided with the Bolsheviks and played a role in the shelling of the Winter Palace. During the early twenty-first century the fortress serves primarily as a museum.

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